Future of Medicine: Medical Technology Advances

In medicine and healthcare, mind-reading exoskeletons, digital tattoos, 3D-printed pharmaceuticals, and RFID implants for recreational reasons are just some of the mind-blowing developments that are on the horizon. Almost every single day. We created a selection of some of the most innovative concepts and advancements in medical technology that might provide us with a view into the future of medicine; nevertheless, we discovered so many that it was difficult to include them in a single article.

The following is a selected list of 10 remarkable advances in medical technology, including augmented reality, artificial intelligence, and tissue engineering:

Medical education may now make use of mixed reality.

A new world is being opened to human senses thanks to augmented, virtual, and mixed-reality technologies. Although the distinction between these technologies may initially seem arbitrary, it plays a significant role in determining how they may be used in the medical field. AR allows users to see the real world while simultaneously projecting digital information onto the existing environment. In contrast, VR blocks out everything else and provides an entire simulation, and mixed reality allows users to interact with the world while simultaneously projecting information into it.

Consequently, augmented surgeons can use reality (AR) to project potentially life-saving information into their line of sight while they are operating; virtual reality (VR) can be used in psychiatry to treat phobias effectively; and mixed reality can bring revolutionary novelties to medical education as well as pre-operative surgical planning, amongst other applications in the medical field.

Because it can show the human body in its full form in front of medical students, the Microsoft HoloLens paves the door for new avenues to be explored in medical education. Therefore, the organs, veins, or bones will be visible in accurate 3D, and future medical professionals will be able to analyze their shape and remember their characteristics more vividly than is possible when studying from a book. This will be possible because the organs, veins, and bones will be rendered in a virtual environment. Some educational institutions are already planning to implement the new technology. For example, in 2019, Case Western University opened its new health education campus in collaboration with the Cleveland Clinic. On this campus, students learn anatomy not from cadavers but from virtual reality simulations.

Brain-computer interfaces give the paralyzed hope.

Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) have seen more studies in recent years. According to Dr. Gary Marcus of New York University and Dr. Christof Koch of the Allen Institute for Brain Science, who spoke with The Medical Futurist, the current state of brain implants is comparable to that of laser eye surgery several decades ago. Still, experts predict that the field will make significant strides in the years to come. Imagine having a chip implanted in your retina that gives you perfect vision or the capacity to see in the dark, a cochlear implant that gives you perfect hearing, or a memory chip that gives you nearly endless storage space for your memories. Imagine if you could manage every aspect of your smart home by transmitting the appropriate brainwaves, or you could write onto a computer using only your thoughts.

Even if this is light-years away, the first generation of neuroprosthetics is now available. These include cochlear and retinal implants, the latter of which the FDA gave the go-ahead in 2013. In addition, implants for persons with Parkinson’s disease transmit electrical pulses deep into the brain, which activates some of the circuits involved in regulating motor functions. Brain implant therapy for patients paralyzed due to a spinal cord injury or other neurological disorders is uncommon but still being used.

A computer is used to interpret the electrical impulses that are read from the brain by a chip that has been implanted there. This allows the patient to regain some degree of movement and communication. When you combine it with an exoskeleton, true magic may take place. Just recently, it was reported in the news that a 30-year-old disabled man named Thibault could move all four of his limbs with the assistance of a mind-reading’ exoskeleton. We anticipate hearing more tales that are comparable in the future.

Could we all become cyborgs for leisure?

There are already some well-known instances of cyborgs in real life, and I do not doubt that in the not-too-distant future, not only will such beings inhabit the landscape of science fiction films, but they will also be present all around us in our everyday lives. It seems certain that the “cyborg-craze” will be started by a new generation of hipsters who will implant gadgets and technology in their bodies to seem more stylish.

In the not-too-distant future, advances in medical technology will not only make it possible to heal physical impairments such as damaged vision, but they will also make it possible to produce superhuman abilities, for example, being able to hear like a bat or have an eagle eyesight. Several products in this direction already exist, such as hearing aids with artificial intelligence, earphones with bilingual capabilities, and RFID chips. Although a patient with an implanted defibrillator or pacemaker may also be classified as a member of the group of cyborgs, I anticipate more instances in which patients want the installation of a certain device even when they do not have any preexisting medical conditions.