Bioengineering is a branch of science that encompasses biology and engineering fields to make valuable products. It was first coined by Heinz Wolff.
Bioengineering includes 3 prominent sub-discipline –
- Biomedical engineering
1) Bioinformatics – It is an interdisciplinary field that uses computer science, chemistry, physics, and mathematics knowledge to create software to analyze biological data. Bioinformaticians develop algorithms to sequence DNA, annotate the Genome of organisms, and identify the function of genes by predicting the sequence of amino acids.
2) Biomedical Engineering – BME uses engineering principles such as mechanical, electrical, and chemical engineering concepts and apply to medicine and healthcare purposes.
It has several categories –
- Biomechanics – It studies the mechanical system in an organism
- Medical Imaging – Development of Imaging devices which helps to view things which are not able to see with the naked eye or due to the position. Examples include – Microscopes, CT scan machines, MRI machines, X-ray machines, and Ultrasound machines.
- Implants – Implants act to restore the function of a biological part of the body, for example, pacemakers.
- BioSensors – They are made of a biologically active part to receive inputs and have a transducer to convert those signals to interpret by a signal processor.
3) Biotechnology – Biotechnology is the integration of natural engineering sciences in order to achieve the organisms, cells, parts thereof and molecular products and services ( European Federation of 1988). Source